Sleep is a biological necessity that allows the body to rest and stay healthy.
Like food, it is a fundamental activity for our body to have energy and we can carry out our daily activities.
According to the neuropediatrician Beatriz Romo, in the case of babies, in addition to giving them rest, this process allows them to generate neural connections that are essential for their cognitive development.
Here’s how your little one’s sleep cycle works and how important it is to their growth, according to child development experts.
The Spanish Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry explains that babies begin to dream from 18 months of age.
Although there are those who affirm that this process begins at 32 weeks of gestation, the truth is that when the baby is in the womb, it sleeps most of the time, so it is not possible that it can dream, because it does not go through the different phases of sleep.
In addition, when we dream there is much more eye movement, which prevents it from reaching a complete state of relaxation.
The sleep cycle is divided into two phases: NON-REM and REM. According to the online health and well-being magazine Webconsultas, the first phase aims to replenish the energy that the little one has consumed throughout the day. It usually lasts between 90 and 110 minutes.
The second stage is characterized by being deeper and lasting more than two hours. In this phase dreams and nightmares appear.
The REM phase is essential for children’s growth, as it has a specific role in the development of attention and memory processes, as well as in their cognitive and learning development.
Both stages work together to relax your little one’s body so that it receives all the benefits that sleep can bring.
For this reason, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the baby sleep in a calm and quiet environment and away from stimuli that can wake him up.
Otherwise, your sleep cycle can be disrupted, which can slow your growth and have negative consequences on your behavior and cognitive development.
On the other hand, it is likely that during the first weeks of life your little one makes faces, gestures and sudden movements when sleeping, but there is nothing to worry about.
These behaviors are called benign neonatal myoclonus and are reflections of your dreams. They usually disappear after the third month of life, according to the Argentine Society of Pediatrics.
Finally, as your little one’s communication and learning capacity increases, his dreams will become more relevant in his life.
Make sure to provide the necessary conditions so that his sleep cycle can develop properly and accompany him during this exciting stage.
Its growth is in your hands, do not forget it.
Play is an essential tool to encourage your baby’s learning, awaken his creativity and motivate him to socialize with other little ones.
The little ones usually start playing much earlier than you think. Like the changes that he will go through during the first months, his way of playing and living will also evolve.
Therefore, it is important that you know the stages that indicate that your little one is beginning to play and how you can help him to arouse his curiosity and give him the necessary tools that allow him to do it correctly.
Here’s what child development experts say about it.
According to the specialized page Kids Health, from the first month of life your little one will begin to interact and play with you.
You can do it through different expressions; for example, staring at you or reacting to sounds and images. In some cases, it may even smile or stammer.
According to experts, the first thing they will learn is to connect with your skin, the sound of your voice and to express their needs through crying.
From day one, specialists suggest speaking with a soft, delicate and warm tone.
Likewise, smiling and looking at him with tenderness are good tools for your little one to begin to become familiar with you and relate your voice to calm and comfort.
As we mentioned at the beginning, your foray into the game world will evolve as time goes on.
The neuropediatrician Beatriz Romo Pardo explains what the game will be like during the first three months and how you can help him to enjoy each of these phases.
The expert argues that during this stage the most important thing will be to improve your neural connections and the way you react to visual and sound stimuli.
It is recommended to show him things that are striking to the eye and that have sounds that can attract his attention.
For example, a farm animal book, activity blankets, a crib mobile, or sensory toys that have textures.
In his second month of life, your little one will begin to smile more frequently and his curiosity will be born to interact with more people and objects that he has around him.
The pediatric neurologist suggests bringing him toys that are light and easy to hold, such as rattles, sponge-filled balls, or soft blocks.
Also, it is important that you join their game and make funny faces, curious sounds or any other gesture that can catch their attention and make them laugh (just take care that they are not sudden movements).
In this way they will begin to socialize and in a way it will be their first form of play as mother and son.
By the third month of life, the little one will be able to smile and follow people and objects with their eyes.
In this phase you will also discover other parts of your body, such as your hands and feet. You will likely start to move your little feet with joy and will practice opening and closing your palms.
By now, your child will be perfecting his motor coordination, so it is a good time to start doing early stimulation exercises, which in addition to exercising his body, will help him develop his cognitive and intellectual abilities.
Finally, remember that the dynamics of the game should always be fun and relaxing for both of you.
Don’t pressure him and be patient. The important thing is that you can create bonds of communication and trust between you and that your little one feels comfortable and happy in the process.
Take it into account and get ready to start one of the most important stages in your baby’s life.
Sitting without support is one of the greatest triumphs in a baby’s development, representing a change in his perspective on the world. However, to be able to achieve this, it is necessary that you have achieved some progress at the motor and cognitive level.
According to experts, for this process to be much faster and easier to learn, it is necessary for parents to know how it works and what is the best way to stimulate it. If you have doubts and still don’t know where to start, don’t worry, here is all the information you need.
According to Augusta Franco, kinesiologist and founder of Megabrain, this is a process that usually develops between 2 and 12 months of life. This depends on how stimulated the baby’s motor and cognitive knowledge is.
The expert mentions that it will be from two months of age that the little one will begin to have control over his head. It also explains that between 4 and 8 months it is likely that the baby begins to sit up on its own, this is possible since the muscles of its neck have managed to strengthen
The specialist mentions that once he manages to comply with these two phases, the little one will begin to lean on his arms and separate his chest from the floor. By 7 months, he explains, it is very likely that the baby will be able to sit up without support and that he will begin to support himself with his own balance.
At around 8 months, your little one will be able to sit for a couple of minutes without the need for help (yeah!).
The best thing you can do to help him is listen to him and help him whenever he needs it. This does not mean that every time he falls or cannot stand you have to run to him (unless he has hurt himself, of course), but that you are patient and watch him carefully.
The development of a baby is not a career, it is an opportunity to adapt to the environment. The only way to help them is by offering them an attractive context that motivates them to continue learning and that awakens their desire to discover the world.
With the help of interactive toys, music and early stimulation exercises, it is possible to create an atmosphere that inspires your little one and offers an environment full of love, patience and fun with which it will be much easier for him to learn.
Finally, keep in mind that each child has their own rhythm and that there is no calendar that requires or limits the knowledge that they must have at a certain age. Be patient and give him his space and time, do not pressure him.
Do not forget that your baby sees the world through you, if he cannot sit up or has a hard time, do not despair and keep calm, it is a matter of months before he begins to get used to his body and is encouraged to explore unknown terrain. You will see.
Little ones have their own way of saying what they are thinking. Body language, facial expressions, and sounds (including crying) are the primary resources a baby has to communicate before he begins to speak. Being their only means of expression, it is very important that you know how to interpret these resources.
Thanks to these manifestations it is possible to know their state of mind, their needs or in more serious matters, recognize the appearance of some disorder or imbalance that is necessary to attend to. But, for this, these communicative signals must be interpreted correctly by the parents.
If your little one is in the learning process and is beginning to use body language to communicate, we bring you a guide so that you know how to correctly interpret and stimulate their movements, gestures and sounds. We assure you that once you read this, this process will be much easier for both of you.
As stated in the Guide to the expression of the baby, carried out by specialists in psychology from the University of Valencia and the University of Murcia, knowing how to identify the emotions and needs of the child “can help maintain the well-being and health of the infant, as well how to improve the relationship between parents and child ”, they say.
According to Andrea Díaz Mendoza, psychologist and specialist in child behavior, these expressions are intended for the child to be able to use his body to express his feelings and needs. For example, by pointing he intends to show you something or ask for an object, while by crying, he tries to express some discomfort.
The specialist affirms that as the little one grows up, these activities will begin to become more recurrent in their routine, which will inevitably turn them into symbols or communicative expressions that, over time, will acquire their own meaning.
This is not only limited to language, but is also related to corporality and movement. Actions such as kicking, opening and closing his hands, and the expression on his face, can be clues with which your baby tries to express how he feels and what his needs are.
Usually, these types of expressions tend to develop after three months of birth; date when the child begins to develop a cognitive link between the objects and sounds that surround him, as well as the voices and faces that are familiar to him.
Each baby is different, therefore, to be able to interpret their gestures and actions it is important that you be extremely attentive to their behavior. This will give you the opportunity to more easily identify the behavior patterns that you repeat more regularly.
Ana Isabel Fraga Sánchez, author of The Art of Whispering to Babies, argues that those parents who learn to correctly interpret their baby’s signals could anticipate and avoid unnecessary crying or distress episodes.
It is evident that, being something so natural and changing, there is no manual to identify and name each behavior or gesture. Beyond being a psychological or medical issue, it is about instinct and knowledge.
Sometimes babies give off easy-to-understand signals, or parents just have a wonderful sense of observation and intuition. The key is to be attentive to these signals and to the little ones they want to communicate.
One way to encourage them to express themselves and begin to adopt these movements, sounds and signals is by responding to them. In this way, the little one will achieve his mission of receiving care and will know what works, therefore, he is likely to use them the next time he has a request.
Try to remain attentive and identify their gestures and signals, this will help you build a much stronger and warmer relationship with your baby, in addition to improving the way they communicate.
Finally, remember that each baby develops at its own pace, so you must be aware that your child may present these types of signals or movements, a little before or after another baby of the same age.
Be patient and wait for your little one to start communicating with you, once you understand him and interpret his messages, we assure you that their relationship will improve and that the bonds of affection and love that hold them together will be strengthened.